Friday, July 21, 2017

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The Archaeological Sites in the River Nile State


Of the most Important Archaeological Sites in the River Nile State that encourage Tourists to come around are those of the Meroitic Kingdom which flourished between the six century B.C. to the fourth century A.D. exemplified by the Royal City, Begrawwiya Pyramids, the Sun Temple, Wad Ben Naga, Naga and Muswwarat Essofra.


1. The Royal City of Meroe


The city of Meroe was known to the outside world since the Fifth Century B.C through the writings of the Greek Traveler Herodotus. The most important buildings in the Royal City are the Kings palaces, Temples and the Royal Bath. Amun Temple is the largest building and one of the largest temples in the Sudan with many rooms and courtyards built with sand - stone, red bricks and mud.
The high standard of Architecture of Meroe was clearly seen in the building of the Royal Pyramids, Temples, Palaces and the Meroitic Royal Bath. The wealth of Meroe was based on Iron Industry and Agricultural Development. Meroe was a religious centre as there are many temples around the Kings palaces.

2. Begrawwiya Pyramids


The famous pyramids of the Meroitic Kings and queens, are erected above the Royal Temples about 4 K.M. to the East of the City of Meroe. But it is unfortunate that most of them were demolished in the 19th century by the Treasure Hunter Adventurer, Ferline







3. The Sun Temple


The Sun Temple which is of a unique type was found between the Royal City of Meroe and the Royal Pyramids. It was a religious and political temple where the Meroites used to celebrate their victories.






4. Wad Ben Naga: 127 KM North Khartoum


Wad Ben Naga was located at the confluence of the Nile and Wadi Awatib within 600 kilometers to the south of the Royal City of Meroe. The most impor¬tant building is the palace of Meroitic Queen Amanishakhete who ruled during the first Century B.C.


5. Naga: 40 K.M. East Wad Benaga


There are many temples but the most important of which are the Lion Temple, Amun Temple, Meroitic Kiosk and Temples of Queen Shanakadakhete. The Lion and Amun Temples were built by King Natakamani and his wife queen Amanitare in the period between the First Century B.C. to the First Century A.D. The Lion Temple is a typical Meroitic temple for the Merotic God Apedemak. The Meroitic Kiosk, in front of the Lion Temple was built by King Natakamani.


6. Musawwaat - Es-Sofra


This site located at Wadi el Banat 30 K.M. from the Nile, 20 K.M. North Naga The main buildings of the site are the Lion Temple and the great Enclosure which include a group of temples, alleys, ramps and squares. Most of the walls of the Great Enclosure are covered by graffiti of wild and domestic animals, hunting and war scenes, and religious symbols. The Great Enclosure probably accommodated a pilgrim's centre, residence of a Meroitic ruler for hunting animals, a teaching cen¬tre and a place for racing and training of war ani¬mals. The Lion Temple built by King Amekhamani at the end of the Third Century B.C, was the earli¬est temple erected for the worship of the Meroitic God Apedemak.

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QUICK FACTS

History: Land of the oldest human civilization, kush or meroetic kingdom (800BC - 320 )
Location: An Afro-Arab country, situated in heart of Africa, dominated by river Nile
Capital: Khartoum
Area: 1.882 million sq. miles
Population: 36 million, with 2.6 % growth rate
Climate: Ranges between Tropical in South, desert in North
Currency: Sudanese Pound
Official language: Arabic, english as a second langauge
Religions: Islam, Christianity

Sudan Map